Computer Tutorial #24: Helpful Hints on defragmenting

Restoration process makes up for inefficiencies of Windows

Al Harper

When writing files and programming lines to the hard disk, Windows is not particularly efficient. Large lines may be broken apart to store small sections in small areas. This may be convenient as far as space is concerned, but it takes longer to reassemble all the pieces. Defragmenting solves this problem by putting the pieces together and storing long lines one after the other. The need for defragmenting depends on the number of files you are using, the frequency of use, and the size of the files. The newer PCs have available large hard disks so defragmenting may be less necessary as time goes on.

To defragment, click on "Start", click on "My Computer", right click on "Local Disk(C)" and click on "Properties" (at the bottom). The following window appears:

"Local Disk Properties" Window

The "General" tab in this window shows you the space used.

Now click on "Tools" and the following window appears:

"Local Disk Properties" Window

Three options appear in this window. You should click on the middle option "Defragment Now". On the new window click on "Analyze" at the bottom left. This brings up the following window:

"Analyze Window"

If this window does not appear, click on "Analyze" at the bottom left. If no defragmentation is required, you will get this smaller window as follows:

"Analysis Complete" Window

If you do not see this window, click on "Defragment" and be prepared to spend a little time for it to finish. Note the different colors for the different kinds of files.

At the end of the defragmentation process the "Disk Defragmenter" window looks like this:

"Analysis Complete" Window

Notice the difference in the two lines of files.

Click on "View Report" to see the following window:

"Analysis Report" Window

This completes the defragmentation steps.

September, 2009